Zo770. 1945-8-30 Lt Gen Jonathan M Wainwright in Manila with Gen Walter Krueger. This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
These pictures are from Mr. John Duresky. He and his friend, Lt Col David Britt, USAF (Ret), want to write a book about David Britt’s father and are doing a lot of research and found these Gen. Wainwright images.
The book will be about Army Lt Chester K Britt, who was one of 1,619 POWs that were on the Oryoku Maru. Lt Britt was first assigned to Fort Wint on Grande Island in 1940, then when it was abandoned on about December 24, 1941, he fought on Bataan, was on the Bataan Death March, then spent the next 2-1/2 years at Camp O’Donnell, Cabanatuan, Davao Penal Colony, and Bilibid Prison which he left at the end to board the Oryoku Maru. He survived the Oryoku Maru, then the Enoura Maru, then the Brazil Maru, then 3 months at Fukuoka POW Camp #3, then almost 4 months at the POW camp in Mukden Manchuria. He was freed on August 16, 1945. He died in 1953 due to health problems from his time as a POW. When he died my friend was only four years old. This is Lt Britt’s memorial page from West Point. He graduated on June 11, 1940 or click here:
We started a forum page for Army Lt Chester K Britt, here is the URL or click here:
John Duresky contacted me for information about the former Fort Wint, on Grande Island, in Subic Bay and gave me permission to use these Gen. Wainwright pictures.
first set of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright and news clippings 1945 & 1941 from John Duresky, including the first one above
Zo771. Gen. Wainwright, 1945-8-31 BINGHAMPTON PRESS AND SUN BULLETIN Gen Wainwright Associated Press photo and write-up. This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo772. Gen. Wainwright’s Staff Members of 1945-8-31, L to R, DOOLEY, PUGH, BEEBE, CARROLL in Manila. This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo773. Gen. Wainwright in Manila, gets Hero’s welcome. Daily_News_Fri__Aug_31__1945_. This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo774. Gen Jonathan M. Wainwright in Manila. This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo775. Gen Jonathan M. Wainwright in Manila. The_Evening_News_Fri__Aug_31__1945_. This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo776. Gen Jonathan M. Wainwright in Manila. The_Kansas_City_Times_Fri__Aug_31__1945_ t-shirt with 4th star (John’s note). This is one of 7 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
John’s personal notes that came with these 7 images, above:
Karl, I just picked up some photos on Ebay. I have the originals and took these digital photos. Feel free to use them on Corregidor Proboards if you like.
Found the photo of Gen Wainwright in one paper from Aug 30, 1945 matching the original photo. Then it starts to turn up in many more photos from Aug 31, but modified to take out the hand, remove the t-shirt and add a necktie. Another version added a fourth star even though the article refers to him as a Lt. Gen and he didn’t get that recommendation from Pres Truman until he got back to the states. Photos in the paper really don’t do justice to the actual look in his eyes.
The photo of the four men at the table is nowhere to be found (or at least I haven’t found it) in any newspaper. They are repeatedly mentioned as accompanying him. Shame they didn’t show that photo. As we know, survival depended on having close friends to carry you through the worst of times, and I suspect those four men played that role to help him through some bad times. I suspect that because they had the sergeants first name wrong it never made it to print….other articles give his name as Herbert. By the time they figured it out, the speed of news then had passed this story by and the papers were on to other things.
Photo of Lt Gen Wainwright with Gen Krueger I believe was taken at the same time….3 stars here too and a t-shirt.
The second set of 3 images of Gen. Wainwright and news clippings 1945 & 1941 from John Duresky.
Zo778. Gen. Wainwright is arriving 1940-10-12 HONOLULU ADVERTISER, passengers on USAT Grant to Manila. This is one of 3 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
John’s personal notes that came with these 3 images here:
Real nice Karl, thanks. One correction, and it’s kind of a big one. Grace didn’t just visit in 1941. They got married the day after Chester graduated from West Point on June 11, 1940, and came over together on the USAT Grant which left NYC on 9/14/1940 and arrived on 10/30/1940 in Manila at the Million Dollar Pier 7. On board was Gen Wainwright. See attached two clippings which you are welcome to add to your site listing some of the men on board, and a photo of them on the USAT Grant. A number of fellow June 11, 1940 grads came over with them, as well as hundreds of other. Also attached a clipping which is a bit eye-opening after Gen Wainwright gets to Manila dated 11/2/1940….he says the Army won’t evacuate even though the Navy was already starting to evacuate the Philippines due to concerns of a conflict with Japan….13 months before Pearl Harbor. They were first stationed on Corregidor for a month, then they went to Fort Wint in Subic Bay. By Spring, 1941 though the Army was evacuating, and Grace and other Army wives left from the same Pier 7 on the USAT Republic. Grace, now pregnant with their first son, Chester Jr, arrived back in NYC on 6/11/1941….exactly one year to the day after Chester graduated from West Point, and one day before their first anniversary. They wouldn’t spend an anniversary together until 1946.
One note, I bought that photo from Historical Images, so the one with the arrows is what I saw and knew it was a lost gem with a unique view along the seawall (Karl used this picture elsewhere). Glad to be able to share it with you and to contribute to piecing together their story.
Zo779. 1940-9-16 EVENING POST CHARLESTON list of passengers to Manila, Gen Wainwright, Lt BRITT, CULLEN, others. This is one of 3 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo780. 1940-11-2 HONOLULU ADVERTISER under ARMY WON’T EVACUATE. This is one of 3 images of Gen. Wainwright, found and provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt.
Zo781. USAT U.S. Grant (Transport, 1919-1941) was once a German ship, another Wilhelm.
She was also a Navy ship, USS U.S. Grant (AP-29), a Boatswains Mate Heaven!
Source: Online Library of Selected Images use the URL or click here:
— SHIPS of the UNITED STATES ARMY —
USAT U.S. Grant (Transport, 1919-1941).
Named Madawaska until 1922
The U.S. Army Transport U.S. Grant (of 9410 gross tons) was originally the German commercial steamer König Wilhelm II, built at Stettin, Germany in 1907. She served as USS Madawaska during and after World War I and was transferred to the War Department in early September 1919. Initially retaining that name as a U.S. Army Transport, she carried Czechoslovak troops from Siberia to Europe in 1920. Modified at New York for regular Army trooping service in 1921-1922, she was renamed U.S. Grant in June 1922.
The ship thereafter operated on trans-Pacific service to the Philippines and China, with return voyages via the Panama Canal to New York. Breaks in this schedule took place when she was laid up for a year in the mid-1920s, and later in the decade when she was extensively refitted at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California. She ran aground at Guam on 19 May 1939, but was safely gotten afloat two days later after a considerable effort. In June 1941 USAT U.S. Grant was turned over to the Navy. Placed in commission as USS U.S. Grant (AP-29), she served through World War II, completing her final voyage in November 1945. Returned to the War Department soon afterwards, she was transferred to the U.S. Maritime Commission and laid up in 1946. U.S. Grant was sold for scrapping in February 1948.
Gen. Wainwright images from the www
Five Gen. Wainwright images from this Wikipedia page or click here:
Zo782. Wainwright ordering the surrender of the Philippines and watched by a Japanese censor. Image and text, courtesy of the above Wikipedia URL.
Zo783. American generals in captivity, July 1942. Seated, left to right: Generals Moore, King, and Wainwright; two Japanese officers; Generals Parker and Jones. Standing, left to right: Japanese messenger; Generals Lough, Funk, Weaver, Brougher, Beebe, Bluemel, Drake, McBride, and Pierce; Colonel Hoffman (interpreter); and two Japanese soldiers. Image and text, courtesy of the above Wikipedia URL.
Zo784. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur and Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright greet each other at the New Grand Hotel, Yokohama, Japan on August 31, 1945, in their first meeting since they parted on Corregidor more than three years before. Image and text, courtesy of the above Wikipedia URL.
Zo785. Photo #: NH 97276 Surrender of Japanese Forces in the Philippines, 1945 Surrender ceremonies at Baguio, Luzon, on 3 September 1945. The Japanese commander, General Tomoyuki Yamashita, is seated in the middle on the near side of the table. Seated on the opposite side, second from left, is Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright, U.S. Army. Toward the right end of the table, immediately to the left of Gen. Yamashita’s head, is Commodore Norman C. Gillette, USN, Deputy Commander, Philippine Sea Frontier. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Image and text, courtesy of the above Wikipedia URL.
Zo786. Jonathan Mayhew “Skinny” Wainwright IV (August 23, 1883 – September 2, 1953) was a career American army officer and the commander of Allied forces in the Philippines at the time of their surrender to the Empire of Japan during World War II. Wainwright is a recipient of the Medal of Honor. Image and text, courtesy of the above Wikipedia URL.
One image from the Fall of the Philippines, or click here:
Zo787. Gen Wainwright and Gen Homma. For almost a half hour the six Americans waited tensely on the open porch of the house, facing Manila Bay, a short distance away. It was a windy day and from the beach rose a dense cloud of sand and dust. The only Japanese who approached was an orderly who brought cold water, which they accepted gratefully. Finally, a group of photographers arrived and the Americans were ordered to line up on the lawn to have their pictures taken. They were still there at 1700 when General Homma drove up in a Cadillac, saluted with a vague flourish of the hand, and strode up to the porch. Behind him were his principal staff officers, correspondents, and more photographers. The Americans followed silently.
Seven images from HistoryLink.org, or click here:
Zo788. General Jonathan Wainwright with B-29 Superfortress “Bataan Avenger,” LaGrande, Oregon, November 9, 1945 Courtesy Amvets Jonathan M. Wainwright Post 1111, Walla Walla.
Zo789. General Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright (1883-1953), ca. 1946 Courtesy Amvets Jonathan M. Wainwright Post 1111, Walla Walla
Zo790. General Jonathan Wainwright and wife unveil Japan’s documents of surrender, National Archives, Washington, D.C., September 12, 1945 Courtesy National Archives.
Zo791. General Jonathan Wainwright (left) and General Douglas MacArthur, The Philippines, October 10, 1941 Courtesy Center of Military History, United States Army.
Zo792. General Jonathan Wainwright (standing, left) with General Douglas MacArthur at Japan’s surrender, USS Missouri, September 2, 1945 Courtesy Amvets Jonathan M. Wainwright Post 1111, Walla Walla.
Zo793. President Harry Truman awards Congressional Medal of Honor to General Jonathan Wainwright, Washington D.C., September 10, 1945 Courtesy U. S. Army Medical Department Regiment.
Zo794. Statue of General Wainwright, Wainwright VA Medical Center, Walla Walla, January 2010 HistoryLink.org Photo by Michael Paulus
This image is from Find a Grave, Wainwright, or click here:
Zo795. Gen. Wainwright’s grave, Arlington National Cemetery; Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, PLOT:Section 1, Grave 358-B. Added by Ron Williams.
More images about Gen Wainwright.
Again, my friend John Duresky, the researcher of the author team of the new book Relentless Hope: A True Story of War and Survival, by David L. Britt, found them and is sharing them.
Zg001. Gen. Wainwright and his staff on his way home dated 9/5/1945, so 3 days after the surrender ceremony on the USS Missouri 9/2/1945. It his from this NARA collection, Page 200-201, click here https://catalog.archives.gov/id/80684431
Zg002. Gen. Wainwright and his staff on his way home dated 9/5/1945, so 3 days after the surrender ceremony on the USS Missouri 9/2/1945. On this picture John Duresky added the names. It his from this NARA collection, Page 200-201, click here https://catalog.archives.gov/id/80684431
Zg003. Gen. Wainwright’s Staff Members of 1945-8-31, L to R, DOOLEY, PUGH, BEEBE, CARROLL in Manila. This is provided by John Duresky for his research for a book on Army Lt Chester K Britt. He said this: A wire photo I found last year of the same four aides dated 8/31/1945 which I sent to the daughter of Sgt Carroll who is also the god daughter of Gen Wainwright.
Zg004. Site of Wainwright surrender. John Duresky said this: Nice photo here, now if they just gave an idea of WHERE this was located it would be helpful, it came from this NARA collection, see pages 158-159, click here: https://catalog.archives.gov/id/80682260 This Gen. Wainwright Surrender Marker does not exist anymore.
Zg005. Site of Wainwright surrender. This is the NARA description for the previous picture. It came from this NARA collection, see pages 158-159, click here: https://catalog.archives.gov/id/80682260
Zg006. Site of Wainwright surrender. Image Zg004 zoomed it , so you can read the sign.it came from this NARA collection, see pages 158-159, click here: https://catalog.archives.gov/id/80682260
Zg007. Possible location of the Gen. Wainwright Surrender Marker; several friends had a discussion about the location. I made this Google Earth graph and said this:
As John says, no exact landmarks
So, to me it looks like possible as indicated on this attachments.
Next time I will look here, if anything.
I love those NARA albums!!!!
My friend John Moffitt said this:
That is the area I was thinking of too. The only thing off a bit is we cannot see any of the POW camp in that photo which was still there in 1946. The photo may have been taken a bit further north but with part of Malinta Hill still in sight.
I don’t think you will find any trace of that today unless it is hidden behind the Philippine Coast Guard Station. That spot seems off-limits plus they have big dogs there which are being trained for bomb sniffers in Mindanao. (The dog trainers may be gone now; this info is from three or four years ago).